Click Picture for more information.
Negro History Week began in 1926 by historian and educator Dr. Carter G. Woodson. In 1976, Negro History Week became what we now know as Black History Month. Dr. Woodson, a son of former slaves, felt the importance and saw the need of preserving the legacy of the little-known men and women of the Black culture who produced so many tremendous and substantial contributions which have benefited our country and the world. Dr. Woodson chose the month of February in honor of the birthdays of President Abraham Lincoln, born February 12, who issued the Emancipation Proclamation, and Frederick Douglass, one of our nation’s leading abolitionists, an orator and writer who was born February 14.
Americans have recognized black history annually since 1926, first as “Negro History Week” and later as “Black History Month.” What you might not know is that black history had barely begun to be studied-or even documented-when the tradition originated. Although blacks have been in America at least as far back as colonial times, it was not until the 20th century that they gained a respectable presence in the history books.
Blacks Absent from History Books
We owe the celebration of Black History Month, and more importantly, the study of black history, to Dr. Carter G. Woodson. Born to parents who were former slaves, he spent his childhood working in the Kentucky coal mines and enrolled in high school at age twenty. He graduated within two years and later went on to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard. The scholar was disturbed to find in his studies that history books largely ignored the black American population-and when blacks did figure into the picture, it was generally in ways that reflected the inferior social position they were assigned at the time.
Established Journal of Negro History
Woodson, always one to act on his ambitions, decided to take on the challenge of writing black Americans into the nation’s history. He established the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (now called the Association for the Study of Afro-American Life and History) in 1915, and a year later founded the widely respected Journal of Negro History. In 1926, he launched Negro History Week as an initiative to bring national attention to the contributions of black people throughout American history.
Woodson chose the second week of February for Negro History Week because it marks the birthdays of two men who greatly influenced the black American population, Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln. However, February has much more than Douglass and Lincoln to show for its significance in black American history. Read More